Housing and Care Cooperatives in the Netherlands
Spatial Diagrams of Cluster Living

The project Housing and Care Cooperatives: Spatial Diagrams of Cluster Living, investigates the typological transformation of elderly accommodation into decentralised models of care in place in the district. Currently, community-led networks such as Buurtzorg, District Care, and care cooperatives are emerging in the Netherlands in an attempt by the government to encourage individual agency and collectivise care responsibility.

The organisation of care in the home environment introduces typological questions about the design of the dwelling according to new protocols and procedures of care. How can the housing cooperative function as a framework to organise collectivised care-work, household activities and social support within the district? This dissertation argues for an investigation into the thresholds of dwelling (therapy, care-work, reproductive work and assistance) to challenge the segregation of people according to age and illness. Through a study of the parts of the home, the project translates common activities into zones of interaction, threshold conditions and forms of cluster living to redefine notions of intimacy, privacy and interior.

Taught MPhil Architectural Association London (Projective Cities)
Tutors: Sam Jacoby, Platon Issaias, Hamed Khosravi and Mark Campbell.L
Link to AA Projective Cities website
Link to dissertation

Welfare Infrastructures 
Typological analysis

Incremental Housing
Previ Project, Lima 1964

The research project Incremental Housing looks into the design principles of owner occupied, low-rise and high density incremental housing through an analysis of the international design competition PREVI (Proyecto Experimental de Vivienda) developed between 1964-1967 in Lima, Peru. The aim of the research is to study the design principles and mechanisms of large scale settlements developed by the United Nations in the seventies. What are the social, spatial and economic possibilities, implications and mechanisms embedded within the design of incremental housing?

Incremental housing provides a framework for the extension of the dwelling focusing on the transformation and growth of the family. However, as an economic strategy it minimizes state involvement and standardises urban development by the use of mortgage contracts. While incremental housing is used as a strategy to ensure the security of property it is maximising land use and ensuring the production of fictitious capital. Large scale housing projects such as Previ were enforcing the exploitation of both productive and domestic labour. Even though incremental housing became highly criticised, it is still implemented by the United Nations today and standardising land distribution all over the world.

Research and design project 
Taught MPhil Projective Cities
Architectural Association School of Architecture

South Works Theatre
Sounds of Chicago

The assignment for the Master Thesis is the design of an urban plan and architectural fragment for the neighbourhood Chicago South Works. Both the urban and architectural project reflect on the paradoxical character of the built environment. On the one hand, the architecture of the city forms a physical intervention designed for a certain time frame. On the other hand, as a sequence of voids the project is continuously influenced by numerous social, economic and political forces. The Thesis project is focussed on the questions: How can architectural design function as a framework for a process of adjustments? Which design elements enable the customisation and appropriation of space within the different scales of the city: the neighbourhood, the urban block and the domestic?

The urban project is proposing an architectural strip that forms a dense piece of land that is accommodating on strategic points programmatic clusters. Subsequently, the architectural project is proposing a music theatre designed as a sound-scape of architectural elements, figures and visitors.

Master Thesis
02.2014 - 12.2014
MSc Delft Univeristy of Technology (Studio Complex Projects) Tutors: K.Kaan, O.Caso and Mick van Gemert
Honourable mention for individual project

Urban plan collaboration: G.Bottema, S. Otten, V. Blankenspoor, M.Yang, K. El Meziani.

Amsterdam, The Netherlands