Reclaimed Amsterdam 2040
Spatial Protocols for Cooperative Construction 

The project Reclaimed Amsterdam 2040, Spatial Protocols for Cooperative Construction, provides a historic and typological analysis of cooperative housing projects in Amsterdam, and argues for alternative protocols focussed on cooperative (de)construction. The aim of the project is illustrate a forgotten history of cooperative construction and to challenge the systems and instruments that currently give shape to the standardisation of cooperative projects.

The current focus on cooperative models by the municipality of Amsterdam with the Actieplan Wooncoöperaties Amsterdam, leads to new design questions considering the organisation of collective used space, spatial standardisation (programme of requirements), and governance structures (return of societal capital, performance agreements with the municipality, social responsibility, process management). The implementation of cooperative models as a urban planning strategy to transform former social housing blocks demands new protocols for architecture focussed on collective construction.

This project argues for new alliances between municipalities, housing corporations and cooperatives focussed on collective transformation and design agency. Community-led housing as an inquiry for city planning not only forms an opportunity to improve the quality and quantity of affordable housing; it provides a possibility to redesign the social networks and performative ideas inscribed within existing dwelling layouts.

Research proposal
01.10.2019 -  01.10.2021 

Selected for honorable mention Prix de Rome 2022 Healing Sites (10/2022)
Selected from the Open Call for Papers by Arcam Amsterdam (11/2022).

Home Atlas
Feminist Spatial Design Principles

Home Atlas is a research and design project focussed on rethinking single-family housing by illustrating the projects, writings and design ideas of pioneering post-war female architects. This project consists of a historical critique on post-war housing politics in the Netherlands, and proposes feminist design principles as a guideline to rethink contemporary and prospective housing models. The project is funded by Stimuleringsfonds for Creative Industry.

Funded research & design project

Link to Stimuleringsfonds website

Housing and Care Cooperatives in the Netherlands
Spatial Diagrams of Cluster Living

The project Housing and Care Cooperatives: Spatial Diagrams of Cluster Living, investigates the typological transformation of elderly accommodation into decentralised models of care in place in the district. Currently, community-led networks such as Buurtzorg, District Care, and care cooperatives are emerging in the Netherlands in an attempt by the government to encourage individual agency and collectivise care responsibility.

The organisation of care in the home environment introduces typological questions about the design of the dwelling according to new protocols and procedures of care. How can the housing cooperative function as a framework to organise collectivised care-work, household activities and social support within the district? This dissertation argues for an investigation into the thresholds of dwelling (therapy, care-work, reproductive work and assistance) to challenge the segregation of people according to age and illness. Through a study of the parts of the home, the project translates common activities into zones of interaction, threshold conditions and forms of cluster living to redefine notions of intimacy, privacy and interior.

Taught MPhil Architectural Association London (Projective Cities)
Tutors: Sam Jacoby, Platon Issaias, Hamed Khosravi and Mark Campbell.L
Link to AA Projective Cities website
Link to dissertation

Welfare Infrastructures
Typological analysis

Amsterdam, The Netherlands